De Stijl

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De Stijl [The Style] was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 by the Dutch painter, designer, writer, and critic Theo van Doesburg. The group's principal members were the painters Piet Mondrian, Vilmos Huszár, and Bart van der Leck, and the architects Gerrit Rietveld, Robert van 't Hoff, and J. J. P. Oud. The artistic philosophy that formed a basis for the group's work is known as neoplasticism—the new plastic art (or Nieuwe Beelding in Dutch).


De Stijl: Maandblad voor de moderne beeldende vakken [en kultuur] is the name of a journal that was edited and published by Theo van Doesburg and served to propagate the group's theories. Originally a monthly, later published irregularly, De Stijl appeared in 90 issues between October 1917 and January 1932 in Delft (1917-18), Leiden (1918-21) and Meudon (France); not published in November-December 1920, January-February 1923, and 1929-1931. Though the journal never sold more than 300 copies, it had a strong influence on art in the Netherlands and abroad.


De Stijl 1:1 (October 1917).
De Stijl 3:6 (April 1920).

Digitale bibliotheek Nederlandse letteren hosts a HTML version of the 1968 reprint: Volumes 1-3 (1917-20) and Volume 4 through Dernier Numero (1921-32).

Iowa Digital Library and International Dada Archive have JPG and PDF pages of Volumes 1-3 and Number 4:11.

UbuWeb hosts the PDF issues of Volumes 1-3.

  • Reprint: 2 vols., Amsterdam: Athenaeum, Polak & Van Gennep, and The Hague: Bert Bakker, 1968.
  • Hans Jaffé, De Stijl, New York: Abrams, 1970. An extensive anthology of selections.


  • in Form, Dec 1967 and Mar 1968, Cambridge.
  • F. Bach-Dandrieú, J. Sprenkels-ten Horn, Index op de stijl / Index of De Stijl, Amsterdam, 1983.


  • The Museum of Modern Art Bulletin 20:2: "De Stijl", New York, Winter 1952-1953, 13 pp. (English)
    • incl.: Alfred H. Barr Jr., "De Stijl", pp 6-13. Adapted from Barr's Cubism and Abstract Art (1936). (English)
  • H.L.C. Jaffé, De Stijl, 1917–1931: The Dutch Contribution to Art, Amsterdam, 1956; repr., London, 1986. (English)
  • Nijhoff, Van Ostaijen, "De Stijl": Modernism in the Netherlands and Belgium in the First Quarter of the 20th Century, ed. & intro. Francis Bulhof, The Hague: Nijhoff, 1976, 136 pp. (English)
  • De Stijl 1917–1931: Visions of Utopia, ed. M. Friedman, Phaidon, 1982. Catalogue. (English)
  • Yve-Alain Bois, De Stijl: un mouvement hollandais de peintres et d’architecture, Paris: Centre national de documentation, 1982. (French)
  • Het Nieuwe Bouwen: De Stijl: Neo Plasticism in Architecture, eds. Cees Boekraad, Flip Bool and Herbert Henkels, intro. Cees Boekraad, Delft: Delft University Press, and The Hague: Haags Gemeentemuseum, 1983, 179 pp. (English)/(Dutch)
  • Nancy J. Troy, The De Stijl Environment, MIT Press, 1983. (English)
  • Nancy J. Troy, "Figures of the Dance in De Stijl", The Art Bulletin 66:4 (1984), pp 645-656. (English)
  • Y.A. Bois, et al, De Stijl à Paris et l’architecture en France, Liège and Paris, 1985. (French)
  • De Stijl: The Formative Years, ed. C. Blotkamp, Cambridge, 1986. (English)
  • Serge Lemoine, Mondrian et De Stijl, Paris: Hazan, 1987; 2010. (French)
  • Essays from ‘Het Bouwbedrijf’, 1924–1931, ed. C. Boekraad, Boston, 1990. (English)
  • P. Overy, De Stijl, London, 1991. (English)
  • Yves Bonnefoy, le Nuage rouge, Paris: Mercure de France, 1992. (French)
  • Jonneke Jobse, De Stijl Continued: The Journal Structure (1958-1964). An Artists' Debate, Rotterdam: 010 Publishers, 2005. [1] [2] (English)
  • De Stijl, 1917-1931, eds. Frédéric Migayrou and Aurélien Lemonier, Paris: Centre Pompidou, 2010. Catalogue. (French)
  • Sascha Bru, "'The will to style': the Dutch contribution to the avant-garde : Leiden: De Stijl (1917-32), Mécano (1922-3), Amsterdam: Wendingen (1918-32), i10 (1927-9), Groningen: The Next Call (1923-6)'", in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Volume III: Europe 1880-1940, eds. Peter Brooker, Sascha Bru, Andrew Thacker, and Christian Weikop, Oxford University Press, 2013. (English)
  • Organizatorzy życia De Stijl, polska awangarda i design, eds. Paulina Kurc-Maj and Anna Saciuk-Gąsowska, Łódź: Muzeum Sztuki w Łodzi, 2017, 256 pp. Catalogue. [3] (Polish)
    • Organizers of Life: De Stijl, The Polish Avant-Garde and Design, Łódź: Muzeum Sztuki w Łodzi, 2017, 256 pp. [4] (English)
  • Mondrian y De Stijl, Barcelona: Museo Reina Sofía, 2020, 207 pp. Catalogue. Exhibition. Publisher. (Spanish)

See also[edit]


Avant-garde and modernist magazines

Poesia (1905-09, 1920), Der Sturm (1910-32), Blast (1914-15), The Egoist (1914-19), The Little Review (1914-29), 291 (1915-16), MA (1916-25), De Stijl (1917-20, 1921-32), Dada (1917-21), Noi (1917-25), 391 (1917-24), Zenit (1921-26), Broom (1921-24), Veshch/Gegenstand/Objet (1922), Die Form (1922, 1925-35), Contimporanul (1922-32), Secession (1922-24), Klaxon (1922-23), Merz (1923-32), LEF (1923-25), G (1923-26), Irradiador (1923), Sovremennaya architektura (1926-30), Novyi LEF (1927-29), ReD (1927-31), Close Up (1927-33), transition (1927-38).