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Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Jun-Jul 1907. Oil on canvas. 243.9 x 233.7 cm. MoMA. See Steinberg 1988.
Pablo Picasso, photographic composition with Construction with Guitar Player and Violin, cJan-Mar 1913.
Jacket for the catalogue Cubism and Abstract Art, 1936, with a chart of modernist art history by Alfred H. Barr, Jr.

A resource on Cubism, focusing on the movement in France, Czechoslovakia (Czech Cubism and Cubo-Expressionism) and Russia (Cubo-Futurism).

The page contains a selection of works, links to works of 12 selected artists in museum collections online, overview of major exhibitions and catalogues, artists' writings, associated journals, and historical studies and analyses.

First published 25 March 2016, revised 27-29 March 2016.

Works (selection)[edit]

Czech Cubism, Cubo-Expressionism


Works of individual artists in museum collections online (see panels on the right):

Cubism sections in museum collections online: US Lauder/Met, Guggenheim. UK Tate. CZ Czech Cubism M Prague.

Cubo-Futurism sections in museum collections online: GR Costakis.

List of museums holding cubist works (on

Index of historic collectors of cubism, Leonard A. Lauder Research Center at Metropolitan Museum.


Exhibition catalogues[edit]

Some of the catalogues are available online, follow links in captions.


Salon d'Automne X, Paris, Oct 1912. Joseph Csaky, Groupe de femmes, sculpture front the left; Amedeo Modigliani, sculptures behind that of Csaky; paintings by František Kupka, Amorpha, Fugue in Two Colors; Francis Picabia, The Spring; Jean Metzinger, Dancer in a café; and Henri Le Fauconnier, Mountaineers Attacked by Bears.
Raymond Duchamp-Villon, André Mare, et al, La Maison cubiste [Cubist House] at Salon d'Automne, Paris, Oct 1912. Jean Metzinger's Femme à l'Éventail can be seen on the left wall; reflected in the mirror, Fernand Léger's Le passage à niveau. Towards the center-left is a portrait of a woman by Marie Laurencin. Detail of the entrance.
The Cubist room at the Chicago Armory Show. Gallery 53 (northeast view), Art Institute of Chicago, Mar 1913.
Installation view of the first exhibition of Group of Plastic Artists, Prague, Jan 1912.
Installation view of the first exhibition of Group of Plastic Artists, Prague, Jan 1912.
  • Between Feb 1907 and 1914, Kahnweiler Gallery presented rotating selections of work by Georges Braque, André Derain, Pablo Picasso, Maurice de Vlaminck, and other artists. Notable exhibitions include those of Kees van Dongen (Mar 1908), Georges Braque (Nov 1908, with works he made in L’Estaque; Catalogue (PDF), with text by Apollinaire), Picasso (1909), and Derain (1909).
  • Salon des Indépendants XXVI, Paris, 18 Mar-1 May 1910. Works by Delaunay, Duchamp, Duchamp-Villon, Le Fauconnier, Gleizes, Léger, Lhote, Metzinger, Archipenko (5 sculptures: Vendangeurs, Les Grenades, Groupe, Portrait de Mlle S…, Figure en Bois, 1 painting). Catalogue (Gallica).
  • Salle 41 at Salon des Indépendants XXVII, Quai d'Orsay, Paris, 21 Apr-13 Jun 1911. First organised Cubist exhibition. Works by the Cubists of Montparnasse and Puteaux: Metzinger, Delaunay (Eiffel Tower), Le Fauconnier (L'Abondance), Gleizes (landscapes, Male Nude, Woman with Phlox), Léger (Nudes in the Forest), Laurencin (Portrait of Mme. Fernande X, Young Girls), Duchamp, Picabia, La Fresnaye, Reth, Archipenko (6 sculptures: Nu, Salome Danse, L’Eve Nouvelle, Tête de Femme, Femme, Fragment).
  • Indépendants de Bruxelles, VIII Salon annuel du Cercle d'art Les Indépendants, Musée moderne de Bruxelles, 10 Jun-3 Jul 1911. Works by Archipenko, Delaunay, Glezies, Le Fauconnier, Léger, a.o. Catalogue text by Apollinaire.
  • Salon d'Automne IX, Paris, 1 Oct-8 Nov 1911. Works by Gleizes (Hunting, Portrait of Jacques Nayral), Metzinger (Tea Time (Woman with a Teaspoon)), Le Fauconnier, Léger, La Fresnaye, Lhote, Duchamp-Villon, Duchamp, Villon, Kupka, Picabia, Laurencin, Csaky, Archipenko. NYT report (PDF).
  • Exposition d'art contemporain, Galerie d'Art Ancien et d'Art Contemporain, Paris, 20 Nov-16 Dec 1911. Third exhibition of the Société normande de peinture moderne. Works by Gleizes, Metzinger, Léger, Picabia, Le Fauconnier, Le Fresnaye, Lhote, the Duchamps, Dumont, Tobeen, Archipenko, Laurencin, a.o. [1]. Catalogue text by René Blum; English trans. appeared in A Cubism Reader (2008). Referred to by critics as an exposition des fauves et cubistes.
  • Exposició d'art cubista, Galeries J. Dalmau, Barcelona, 20 Apr-10 May 1912. Works by Agero, Duchamp, Gleizes, Gris, Laurencin, Le Fauconnier, Leger, Metzinger. Catalogue text by Jacques Nayral [pseud. of Jacques Huot] was reprinted in La Veu de Catalunya, Barcelona, 18 Apr 1912; English trans. appeared in A Cubism Reader (2008). Response (PDF). [2] [3]
  • Salon de Juin, Salle du skating, Rouen, 15 Jun-15 Jul 1912. Fourth exhibition of the Société normande de peinture moderne. Works by Picabia (Tarentelle, Port de Naples, Paysage), Gleizes (5), Dumont (2), Lhote (3), Léger (2), Gris (3), Villon (6), La Fresnaye (2), Tobeen (3) [4]. Catalogue texts by Élie Faure and Maurice Raynal; English trans. appeared in A Cubism Reader (2008). During the exhibition, on 23 Jun, a paper was presented by Apollinaire, entitled Le sublime modern; on 7 Jul the art critic Maurice Raynal gave a lecture on Cubism.
  • Salon des Indépendants XXVIII, Paris, 20 Mar-16 May 1912. Works by Delaunay, Duchamp, Gleizes, Gris, La Fresnaye, Laurencin, Le Fauconnier, Léger, Lhote, Mondrian, Reth, Archipenko (3 sculptures: Venus, Negresse, Femme et Fille), Rivera.
  • Salon d'Automne X, Paris, 1 Oct-8 Nov 1912. Works by Archipenko, Csaky (Groupe de trois femmes, Groupe de trois personnages), Duchamp, Duchamp-Villon, Gleizes, Kupka (Amorpha, Fugue à deux couleurs), La Fresnaye, Laurencin, Le Fauconnier (Les Montagnards attaqués par des ours), Léger, Lhote, Marcoussis, Metzinger (Danseuse au café), Picabia (La Source), Villon.
  • Salon de la Section d'or, Galerie La Boëtie, Paris, 10-30 Oct 1912. 180 works by 31 artists, incl. the Duchamp brothers, Braque, Picasso, Gris, Léger, Picabia, Kupka, Delaunay, Gleizes, Metzinger, Marcoussis, La Fresnaye, Lhôte, Archipenko [5], a.o. Catalogue (PDF), with text by René Blum; English trans. appeared in A Cubism Reader (2008). Exhibition journal, ed. Reverdy (PDF).
  • Armory Show, 69th Regiment Armory, New York, 17 Feb-15 Mar 1913; Art Institute of Chicago, 24 Mar-16 Apr 1913; The Copley Society of Art, Boston. The major US exhibition is an occasion for Picasso, Braque and Duchamp to introduce their work to the American public. New York catalogue (IA). Chicago catalogue (PDF). Press clippings (JPGs).
Czech Cubism, Cubo-Expressionism
  • Umělecká výstava (JUV, SVU Mánes, Skupina výtvarných umělců), Obecní dům, Prague, 5 Jan-1 Mar 1912. Works by J. Gočár, V. Hofman, J. Chochol, P. Janák, J. Rosipal, O. Gutfreund, V. H. Brunner, L. Šíma, V. Špála, F. Kysela, J. Čapek, V. Beneš, Z. Kratochvíl, E. Filla, A. Procházka.
  • II. výstava Skupiny výtvarných umělců. Praha. Obrazy - plastika - grafika - architektura - umělecký průmysl - nábytkové interieury Pražských uměleckých dílen, Obecní dům, Praha, Sep-Nov 1912. Works by V. Beneš, J. Čapek, A. Derain, F. Feigl, E. Filla, O. Friesz, J. Gočár, O. Gutfreund, E. Heckel, V. Hofman, J. Chochol, P. Janák, E. L. Kirchner, Z. Kratochvíl, O. Müller, W. Nowak, A. Procházka, K. Schmidt-Rottluff, L. Šíma, V. Špála.
  • Výstava Skupiny výtvarných umělců, Salon Goltz, Munich, 5-10 Apr 1913. Works by V. Beneš, E. Filla, A. Procházka, O. Gutfreund, J. Gočár, P. Janák.
  • Skupina výtvarných umělců. III. výstava, Obecní dům, Prague, May-Jun 1913. Works by A. Derain, G. Braque, P. Picasso, J. Gris, A. Soffici, P. Cézanne.
  • Achtzehnte Ausstelung: Skupina-Prag: Emil Filla, Vincenc Benes, A. Prochazka, Otto Gutfreund, Gocar, Janak, Galerie Der Sturm, Berlin, Oct 1913.
  • Skupina výtvarných umělců. IV. výstava, Obecní dům, Prague, Feb-Mar 1914. Works by V. Beneš, G. Braque, A. Derain, E. Filla, J. Gočár, O. Gutfreund, P. Janák, Z. Kratochvíl, E. Munch, O. Nejedlý, M. Pechstein, P. Picasso, A. Procházka.
  • Tramway V (Трамвай В), "First Futurist Exhibition of Paintings", Petrograd, 3 Mar-Apr 1915. Works by Olga Rozanova, Ivan Puni, Kazimir Malevich, Vladimir Tatlin, Lyubov Popova, Alexei Morgounov, Ivan Kliun, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Alexandra Exter. [6]
  • 0,10, "Last Futurist Exhibition of Paintings", Dobychina Gallery, Petrograd, 19 Dec 1915-17 Jan 1916. Works by Kazimir Malevich, Vladimir Tatlin, Ivan Puni, Liubov Popova, Ivan Kliun, Ksenia Boguslavskaya, Olga Rozanova, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Nathan Altman, Vasily Kamensky, Vera Pestel, Maria Ivanovna Vasilieva, Anna Michailovna Kirillova, Mikhail Menkov.


Listing of catalogues.

  • Albert H. Barr, Jr., Cubism and Abstract Art: Painting, Sculpture, Constructions, Photography, Architecture, Industrial Art, Theatre, Films, Posters, Typography, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1936, 249 pp; repr., New York: Arno Press, 1966; repr., New York: MoMA, 1974; repr., Harvard University Press, 1986. Exh. held 2 Mar-19 Apr 1936. (English)
  • Le Cubisme, 1911-18: Braque, Delaunay, De la Fresnaye, Gleizes, Gris, Herbin, Leger, Lhote, Marcoussis, Metzinger, Picasso, Villon, Paris: Galerie de France, 1945, 33+[12] pp. Exh. held 25 May-30 Jun 1945. (French)
  • Le Cubisme, 1907-1914, pref. Jean Cassou, ed. Gabrielle Vienne, Paris: Musée National d'Art Moderne, 1953, 63+[48] pp. With chronology by Bernard Dorival. Exh. held 30 Jan-9 Apr 1953. (French)
  • Les Cubistes, eds. Gilberte Martin-Méry and Jacques Lassaigne, pref. Jean Cassou, Bordeaux: Galerie des beaux-arts, and Paris: Musée National d'Art Moderne, 1973, xviii+106 pp. Exh. held in Bordeaux 4 May-1 Sep 1973. [7] (French)
  • The Planar Dimension: Europe, 1912-1932, ed. Margit Rowell, New York: Guggenheim Museum, 1979, 159 pp. Exh. held 9 Mar-6 May 1979. (English)
  • Zeichnungen und Collagen des Kubismus: Picasso, Braque, Gris, ed. Ulrich Weisner, Bielefeld: Kunsthalle, 1979, 378 pp. Exh. held 11 Mar-29 Apr 1979. (German)
  • Kubismus: Künstler, Themen, Werke, 1907–1920, ed. Siegfried Gohr, Cologne: Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle, 1982, 263 pp. Exh. held 26 May-25 Jul 1982. (German)
  • The Essential Cubism, 1907–1920: Braque, Picasso and their Friends, eds. Douglas Cooper and Gary Tinterow, London: Tate, 1983, 448 pp. (English)
  • Cubist Prints, Cubist Books, ed. Donna Stein, New York: Franklin Furnace, 1983, 128 pp. With contributions by Ron Padgett and George Peck. (English)
  • William Rubin, Picasso and Braque: Pioneering Cubism, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1989, 460 pp. With chronology by Judith Cousins. Exh. held at MoMA, New York, 24 Sep 1989-16 Jan 1990; Kunstmuseum Basel, 25 Feb-4 Jun 1990. (English)
  • La Section d'or, 1912, 1920, 1925: le cubisme écartelé, eds. Cécile Debray and Françoise Lucbert, Paris: Cercle d'Art, 2000, 343 pp. Exh. held at Musées de Châteuaroux, 21 Sep-3 Dec 2000; Musée Fabre, Montpellier, 15 Dec 2000-18 Mar 2001. (French)
  • Kubisms Latvijas mākslā / Cubism in Latvian Art, ed. Dace Lamberga, Riga: State Museum of Art – Neputns, 2002, 135 pp. [8] (Latvian)/(English)
  • Cubisme / Kubyzm / Kubismus: ein künstlerischer Aufbruch in Europa, 1906-1926 / Khudozhestvennyy proryv Evropy, 1906-1926, eds. Patricia Drück and Tatjana Michijenko, with Maria Chilova, Götz Darsow and Mirka Zatloukal, Hannover: Sprengel Museum, and Moscow: Tretyakov Gallery, 2003, 271 pp. Exh. held 18 May-3 Aug 2003 (Hannover) and 4 Sep-23 Nov 2003 (Moscow). [9] (German)/(Russian)
  • William Wauer und der Berliner Kubismus: die plastischen Künste um 1920, ed. Marc Wellmann, Cologne: Wienand, 2011, 192 pp. Exh. held at the Georg-Kolbe-Museum, Berlin, 10 Apr-18 Jun 2011; Edwin-Scharf-Museum Neu-Ulm, 3 Sep 2011-15 Jan 2012. [10] (German)
  • Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection, eds. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014, x+381 pp. Exh. held 20 Oct 2014-16 Feb 2015. [11] [12] (English)
Czech Cubism, Cubo-Expressionism
  • Paris Prague, 1906-1930: les Braque et Picasso et leurs contemporains tchèques, Paris: Musée national d'art moderne, 1966. Exh. held 17 Mar-17 Apr 1966. (French)
  • Cubist Art From Czechoslovakia, London: Arts Council, 1967, 64 pp. Exh. held at Tate Gallery, London, 15 Sep-29 Oct 1967; Palais des beaux-arts, Brussels, 10 Nov-27 Dec 1967; Museum Boymansvan Beuningen, Rotterdam, 10 Jan-3 Mar 1968. (English)
    • Cubisme à Prague et la collection Kramář / Het Cubisme te Praag en de verzameling Kramár, Brussels, 1967, 93 pp. (French)/(Dutch)
  • Gutfreund i češki kubizam, Belgrade: Muzej savremene umetnosti, 1971, [72] pp. Exh. held Oct-Nov 1971. (Serbo-Croatian)
  • Filla, Gutfreund, Kupka och tjeckisk kubism 1907-1927, eds. Jiří Kotalík, Ingvar Claeson, and Eje Högestätt, Malmö: Malmö Konsthall, 1982, 140 pp. Exh. held 17 Dec 1982-6 Mar 1983. (Swedish)/(English)
  • Chekosurovakia kyubizumu ten: kenchiku / Czechoslovakia Cubism: The World of Architecture, Furniture and Craft, Tokyo: PARCO, 1984, 126 pp. (Japanese)/(English)
  • Cubismo en Praga. Obras de la Galeria Nacional, Madrid: Fundación Juan March, and Barcelona: Museu Picasso, 1990, 141 pp. [13] (Spanish)
  • Kubismus in Prag: Malerei, Skulptur, Kunstgewerbe, Architektur, 1909-1925, eds. Jiří Švestka and Tomáš Vlček, with Pavel Liška, Düsseldorf: Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, and Stuttgart: G. Hatje, 1991, 504 pp. Exh. held at Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf, 28 Sep-20 Nov 1991; National Gallery in Prague, 20 Dec 1991-1 Mar 1992; Moravian Gallery in Brno, 10 Sep-1 Nov 1992. (German)
    • Český kubismus, 1909-1925: malířství, sochařství, umělecké řemeslo, architektura, Düsseldorf: Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, and Stuttgart: G. Hatje, 1991, 454 pp; 2nd ed., 2006, TOC. (Czech)
    • Czech Cubism, 1909-1925: Art, Architecture, Design, Prague: I3 CZ Modernista, 2006, 455 pp. TOC. (English)
  • Czech Cubism: Architecture, Furniture, and Decorative Arts, 1910-1925, ed. Alexander von Vegesack, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, and Weil am Rhein: Vitra Design Museum, 1992, 337 pp. TOC. Exh. curated by Milena Lamarová and Vladimir Šlapeta. Works from the collections of the National Technical Museum and the Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague. Held at the Museum of Decorative Arts, Prague, 16 May-30 Jun 1991; Vitra Design Museum, Weil am Rhein, 12 Jul-22 Sep 1991; Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid, 17 Dec 1991-15 Feb 1992; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 18 Mar-17 May 1992; Centre Canadien d'Architecture, Montreal, 10 Jun-2 Aug 1992 [14]; Smithsonian Design Museum, 6 Apr-25 Jul 1993 [15]. Review: Crowley (J Design Hist 1993). (English)
    • Tschechischer Kubismus, Architektur und Design, 1910-1925, Weil am Rhein: Vitra Design Museum, 1991, 339 pp. (German)
    • Český kubismus: architektura a design 1910-1925, Weil am Rhein: Vitra Design Museum, 1991, 337 pp. (Czech)
    • Cubismo checo: arquitectura y diseño 1910-1925, Weil am Rhein: Vitra Design Museum, 1991, 339 pp. (Spanish)
    • Cubisme tchèque, Paris: Flammarion, 1992, 279 pp. [16] (French)
  • Tschechischer Kubismus: 1912-1916 / Czech Cubism, 1912-1916, ed. Agnes Husslein, Salzburg: Rupertinum, 2001. Exh. held 21 Jul-7 Oct 2001, 222 pp. (German)/(English)
  • Český architektonický kubismus / Czech Architectural Cubism, eds. Zdeněk Lukeš and Ester Havlová, Prague: Galerie Jaroslava Fragnera, 2006, 174 pp. Exh. held at the Jaroslav Fragner Gallery, 21 Dec 2006-11 Feb 2007. (Czech)/(English)
  • Kubismus 1910-1925: Kubismus ve sbírkách Západočeské Galerie v Plzni, ed. Petr Jindra, Pilsen: Západočeská Galerie, 2009, 125 pp. (Czech)
  • cubiCZmus!: die Dekonstruktion der Moderne in Prag, ed. Monika Wenzl-Bachmayer, Vienna: Wagner-Werk Museum Postsparkasse, 2009, 106 pp. Exh. held 30 Jun-29 Aug 2009. (German)

Artists' writings, statements and correspondence[edit]

Arranged by the date of first publication of each artist. In French unless noted otherwise.


  • "La feerie", Ile Sonnante (Apr 1910), p 152.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • "Note sur la peinture", Pan (Oct-Nov 1910), pp 49-52.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • "Cubisme et tradition", Paris-Journal, 18 Aug 1911, p 5.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • "Alexandre Mercereau", Vers et Prose (Oct-Dec 1911), pp 122-129.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • with Gleizes, Du cubisme, 1912. See below.
  • "Kubistická technika", Volné směry 12, [Prague], 1913, pp 279-292. (Czech)
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)

Le Fauconnier[edit]

  • "Das Kunstwerk", in Neue Kunstlervereinigung, München, II Ausstellung, Munich: Moderne Galerie Thannhauser, Sep 1910. Translated from the French "L'oeuvre d'art". (German)
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • "La sensibilite moderne et le tableau", in Moderne Kunstkring (Musee Municipal, Amsterdam, 6 October–7 November 1912), Amsterdam: [Stedelijk], 1912, pp 17-27.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)


  • "Art et ses représentants", La Revue Indépendante (Sep 1911), pp 161-172.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • "A propos du Salon d’Automne", Les Bandeaux d’Or, [Arras], Nov 1911, pp 42-51.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • with Metzinger, Du cubisme, Paris: Eugène Figuière, [late] 1912, 44+38 pp; new ed., forew. Gleizes, Paris: Compagnie Française des Arts Graphiques, 1947. [17]
    • "O kubismu", trans. St. Wirth, Umělecký mĕsíčník 2:2, Prague: Skupina výtvarných umělců, Dec 1912, pp 60-62. Trans. of 2nd chapter. (Czech)
    • Cubism, London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1913; rev.trans. Robert L. Herbert, in Modern Artists on Art: Ten Unabridged Essays, ed. Herbert, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1965, pp 1-18. (English)
    • in Russkaya molva, 21 Jan 1913, p 3. Trans. of extracts. (Russian)
    • O kubizme, trans. M. V. [Maksimilian Voloshin], Moscow, Jul 1913. (Russian)
    • O kubizme, trans. Ekaterina Nizen (Екатерина Низен), St Petersburg: Zhuravl', Nov 1913. (Russian)
    • Über den Kubismus, trans. & ed. Fritz Metzinger, Frankfurt am Main: R.G. Fischer, 1988, 70+[16] pp. (German) New ed. as Du ″Cubisme″ / On ″Cubism″ / Ueber den ″Kubismus″, trans. & intro. Fritz Metzinger, Frankfurt am Main: R.G. Fischer, 1993, 175+[54] pp. (French)/(English)/(German)
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • "La tradition et le cubisme", Montjoie! (1 and 2 Feb 1913).
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • Du cubisme et des moyens de la comprendre, Paris: La Cible, Povolozky, 1920.
    • Vom Kubismus: die Mittel zu Seinem Verständnis, trans. F.A. Angermayer and Hans Jacob, Berlin: Der Sturm, 1922, 56+[7] pp. (German)
  • La Mission créatrice de l'homme dans le domaine plastique, Paris: Povolozky, 1921.
    • "Poslannictwo tworcze czlowieka w dziedzinie plastyki", Praesens 2, Warsaw, 1927. (Polish)
  • La Peinture et ses lois, ce qui devait sortir du cubisme, Paris, 1924; 2nd ed., La Pensee universitaire, Aix, 1961. First published in La vie des lettres et des Arts, Paris, Mar 1923.
    • English trans., 2000.
  • Tradition et cubisme. Vers une conscience plastique. Articles et Conférences 1912-1924, Paris: La Cible, Povolozky, 1927. Collection of 15 articles from various publications.
  • Peinture et perspective descriptive, Sablons: Moly-Sabata, 1927; repr. in Gleizes, Puissances du cubisme, 1969. Lecture delivered to the Carnegie Foundation for the French Union Intellectuelle, at Paris, 22 Mar 1927.
  • Kubismus, Munich: Albert Langen (Bauhausbücher 13), 1928, 101 pp; repr. in Gleizes, Puissances du cubisme, 1969; repr., Mainz and Berlin: Florian Kupferberg, 1980. Written 1925-28. (German)
  • Souvenirs: le Cubisme, 1908-1914. Manuscrit inédit, Lyon: Association des Amis d'Albert Gleizes, 1957, 36 pp; repr., Ampuis: Association des Amis d'Albert Gleizes, 1997, 28 pp. Memoir.
  • Puissances du cubisme, Chambéry: Présence, 1969. Manuscript dated Feb 1944.
  • Gleizes sur Picasso et Braque, Ampuis: Association des Amis d'Albert Gleizes, 1993.


  • "O předpokladech slohu", Přehled 10:2 (6 Oct 1911), pp 37-38; repr. in Kubišta, Předpoklady slohu, Prague: Girgal, 1947, pp 67-70; repr. in Kubišta, Korespondence a úvahy, Prague, 1960, pp 203-205; repr. in Kubišta, Úvahy, Olomouc: Votobia, 1995, pp 25-37. (Czech)
    • "Von den Voraussetzungen des Stils", in Frühling in Prag oder Wege des Kubismus, Munich, 2005, 117ff. (German)
  • "O duchovním podkladu moderní doby", Česká kultura 1:2 (18 Oct 1912), pp 52-56; repr. in Kubišta, Předpoklady slohu, Prague: Girgal, 1947, pp 86-92; repr. in Kubišta, Korespondence a úvahy, Prague, 1960, pp 205-210; repr. in Kubišta, Úvahy, Olomouc: Votobia, 1995, pp 39-63. (Czech)
    • "Von der geistigen Grundlage der modernen Zeit", in Frühling in Prag oder Wege des Kubismus, Munich, 2005, 117ff. (German)
  • "O duchovní podstatě moderní doby", Česká kultura 2:14-15 (9 Apr 1914), pp 217-221; repr. in Kubišta, Předpoklady slohu, Prague: Girgal, 1947, pp 117-126; repr. in Kubišta, Korespondence a úvahy, Prague, 1960, pp 210-218; repr. in Kubišta, Úvahy, Olomouc: Votobia, 1995, pp 65-95. (Czech)
    • "Vom geistigen Wesen der modernen Zeit", in Frühling in Prag oder Wege des Kubismus, Munich, 2005, 135ff. (German)


  • "Les Origines de la peinture et sa valeur représentative", Montjoie! 1:8, 29 May 1913, p. 7; 1:9-10, 14–29 Jun 1913, pp 9–10; repr. in Fonctions de la peinture, Paris, 1965, pp 11-19.
    • "The Origins of Painting and Its Representational Value", in Léger, Functions of Painting, 1973, pp 3-10. (English)
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008, pp 535-543. (English)
  • "Les Réalisations picturales actuelles", Les Soirées des Paris 25 (15 Jun 1914), pp 349–56; repr. in Fonctions de la peinture, Paris, 1965, pp 20-29.
    • "Contemporary Achievements in Painting, in Léger, Functions of Painting, New York and London, 1973, pp 11-19.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • Fonctions de la peinture, Paris: Gonthier, 1965.
    • Functions of Painting, New York and London, 1973, OL. (English)


  • as Gabrielle Buffet, "Modern Art and the Public", Camera Work 42-43, New York: Alfred Sieglitz, Jun 1913, pp 10–14; repr. in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)


  • "Nové umění", Umělecký mĕsíčník 2:6-7, Prague: Skupina výtvarných umělců, Jun-Jul 1913, pp 176-187. (Czech)
    • "Die Neue Kunst", in Frühling in Prag oder Wege des Kubismus, Munich, 2005, 163ff. (German)

de la Fresnaye[edit]

  • "De l’imitation dans la peinture et la sculpture", La Grande Revue (10 Jul 1913), pp 316-325.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)


  • "L'Architecture et le fer", Poème et Drame (Jan-Mar 1914), pp 22–29.
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)




  • Tvoření v umění výtvarném, trans. Věra Urbanová, Prague: Mánes, 1923, 210 pp. Trans. from French manuscript written 1913. (Czech)
    • La Création dans les arts plastiques, pref. Philippe Dagen, ed. Erika Abrams, Paris: Cercle d'art, 1989, 302 pp. (French)
    • Die Schöpfung in der bildenden Kunst, ed. & trans. Noemi Smolik, Ostfildern-Ruit: H. Cantz, 2001, 169 pp. (German)


  • "Des possibilités de la peinture", Transatlantic Review 1:6 (Jun 1924), pp 482–8; 2:1, pp 75–9; repr. in Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Juan Gris: Sa Vie, son œuvre, ses écrits, Paris, 1946; repr. as Des possibilités de la peinture, Caen: L'Échoppe, 1989. Lecture delivered to the Groupe d'études Philosophiques et Scientifiques at the Amphithéâtre Michelet of the Université Paris-Sorbonne, 15 May 1924.
    • English trans. and rev. Douglas Cooper in Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Juan Gris: His Life and Work, New York: Abrams, 1968, pp 195-200. (English)
  • Letters of Juan Gris, 1913-1927, coll. Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, trans. & ed. Douglas Cooper, London: Lund Humphries, 1956, xv+221 pp. (English)


  • Du cubisme à l’art abstrait, ed. Pierre Francastel, Paris: S.E.V.P.E.N., 1957, 414 pp. Based on his notebooks. [18]


  • with H. Harvard Arnason, My Life in Sculpture, London, 1972, 249 pp. (English)


  • Zhivopis ta elementi / Painting and Elements, trans. Tatiana and Sashko Popov (UA) & Serhiy Medintsev and Mykhailo Plotkin (EN), intro. Dmytro Horbachov, Kyiv, 1996. Trans. of the manuscript Живопись и элементы written 1914 in Russian. (Ukrainian)/(English)


  • with Gertrude Stein, Correspondance, ed. Laurence Madeline, Paris, 2005. (French)
    • Correspondence, trans. Lorna Scott Fox, Seagull Books, 2008, 390 pp. (English)


Edward F. Fry, Cubism, 1966.
  • Edward F. Fry, Cubism, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966, 200 pp; London: Thames and Hudson, 1966; repr., 1978. TOC. (English)
    • Le cubisme, trans. Eléonore Bille-De Mot, Brussels: La Connaissance, 1966, 199+[48] pp. (French)
    • Der Kubismus, ed. Werner Haftmann, trans. Irmtraud Schaarschmidt-Richter, Cologne: DuMont Schauberg, 1966, 314 pp. (German)
    • Cubismo, trans. Sergio Lentati, Milan: Gabriele Mazzotta, 1967, 272 pp; 2nd ed., 1975, 271 pp. (Italian)
    • trans., Tokyo: Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, 1973, xiii+309 pp. (Japanese)
    • Li ti pai, Tai bei shi: Yuan liu, 1991, 247+[8] pp. (Chinese)
  • "Cubism: Form as Expression", ch. 4 in Theories of Modern Art: A Source Book by Artists and Critics, ed. Herschel Browning Chipp, University of California Press, 1968, pp 193-280. (English)
  • Frühling in Prag oder Wege des Kubismus, trans. Kristina Kallert, et al, eds. & comm. Heinke Fabritius and Ludger Hagedorn, Munich: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 2005, 383 pp. TOC. (German)
  • A Cubism Reader: Documents and Criticism, 1906-1914, eds. Mark Antliff and Patricia Leighten, University of Chicago Press, 2008, 608 pp. [19] (English)
  • selection of writings on Cubism published in Barcelona, 1911-1912. (Spanish)


Journals associated with the Cubist movement.

  • Umělecký měsíčník, 26 numbers, eds. Josef Čapek, Pavel Janák and František Langer, Prague: Skupina výtvarných umělců, 1911-14. (Czech)
  • L'Élan, 10 numbers, ed. Amédée Ozenfant, Paris: Société Générale d'Impression, 1915-16.
  • SIC, 54 numbers, eds. Pierre Albert-Birot, Paris: P. Albert-Birot, 1916-19.
  • Nord-Sud: revue littéraire, 16 numbers, ed. Pierre Reverdy, Paris, 1917-18.

Early criticism and historisation[edit]

Guillaume Apollinaire, Les Peintres cubistes, 1913, HTML.
Ivan Aksenov, Pikasso i okrestnosti, 1917, HTML.
Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Der Weg zum Kubismus, 1920, IA.
Vincenc Kramář, Kubismus, 1921.
Carl Einstein, Die Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts, 1926.


  • Guillaume Apollinaire, (untitled text), in Exposition Georges Braque, 9–28 November 1908, Galerie Kahnweiler, 28, rue Vignon, Paris, Paris: Galerie Kahnweiler, 1908. Catalogue text. (French)
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • Louis Vauxcelles, "Exposition Braque. Chez Kahnweiler, 28 rue Vignon", Gil Blas, 14 Nov 1908. (French)
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)


  • Ardengo Soffici, "Picasso e Braque", La Voce, [Florence], 24 Aug 1911, pp 635-637. (Italian)
    • "Picasso a Braque", trans. G. Winter, Umělecký mĕsíčník 1:9, Prague: Skupina výtvarných umělců, Jun 1912, pp 248-253. (Czech)
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • André Salmon, "Histoire anecdotique du cubisme", in Salmon, La Jeune Peinture française, Paris: Albert Messein, 1912, pp 41-61. [20] (French)
    • "An Anecdotal History of Cubism", in André Salmon on French Modern Art, ed. & trans. Beth S. Gersh-Nešić, Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp 50-60. [21] (English)
    • trans., in A Cubism Reader, 2008. (English)
  • Guillaume Apollinaire, Les Peintres cubistes: Méditations esthétiques, Paris: Eugène Figuière, [17 Mar] 1913, 84+46 pp; new ed., annot. L.C. Breunig and J.C. Chevalier, Paris, 1965; online ed., eds. Éric Thiébaud and Frédéric Glorieux, 2014. [22] Written between 1905-12. (French)
    • "Aesthetic Meditations on Painting: The Cubist Painters—First Series: I-VII", trans. Charles Knoblauch, The Little Review 8:2, New York: Margaret C. Anderson, pp 7-19; "Second Series", 9:1, Autumn 1922, pp 41-59; "Second Series―Continued", 9:2, Winter 1922, 49-60. Partial trans. (English)
    • The Cubist Painters: Aesthetic Meditations, 1913, trans. Lionel Abel, ed. Robert Motherwell, New York: Wittenborn, 1944, 35 pp. [23] Review: Alford (College Art J 1948). (English)
    • Die Maler des Kubismus, trans. Oswalt von Nostitz, Zürich: Arche, 1956, 118 pp; new ed. as Die Maler des Kubismus: ästhetische Betrachtungen, trans. & afterw. Herbert Molderings, Frankfurt am Main: Luchterhand-Literaturverl., 1989, 97 pp. (German)
    • The Cubist Painters, trans. & comm. Peter Read, University of California Press, 2004, 248 pp. [24] Reviews: Conley (FrenchForum 2005), Perloff. (English)
  • Mikhail Matyushin, "O knige Gleizes i Metzinger Du Cubisme" [О книге Метценже-Глеза «О кубизме»], Soyuz molodezhi [Союз молодежи] 3, St Petersburg, Mar 1913, pp 25-34. (Russian)
  • Vincenc Kramář, "Kapitola o -ismech", Umělecký mĕsíčník 2:4-5, Prague: Skupina výtvarných umělců, 1913, pp 115-130. (Czech)
  • Pierre Reverdy, "Sur le cubisme", Nord-Sud 1, Paris, 15 Mar 1917, pp 5-7, [27]; repr. in Oeuvres complètes, ‘Nord-Sud’, ‘Self-defence’ et autres écrits sur l’art et la poésie, 1917–1926, ed. E.-A. Hubert, Paris, 1975. (French)
  • Ivan Aksenov, Pikasso i okrestnosti. S dvenadtsat'yu metstso tinto gravyury s kartin mastera [Пикассо и окрестности. С двенадцатью меццотинтогравюрами с картин мастера; Picasso and Environs], Moscow: Tsentrifuga [Центрифуга], 1917, 62+[10] pp; repr., Orange, CT: Antiquary, 1986; repr. in Aksenov, Iz tvorcheskogo naslediya, 1 [Из творческого наследия, T. 1], Moscow: RA, 2008, 198-249. Cover by Alexandra Exter. First work in Russian on Picasso, and a theoretical treatise on Cubism. [28] (Russian)
  • Amédée Ozenfant, Charles-Édouard Jeanneret [Le Corbusier], Après le cubisme, Paris: Éditions des Commentaires, 1918, 60 pp; facs. repr., intro. Carlo Olmo, Torino: Bottega d'Erasmo, 1975. Outlines the aesthetic approach of Purism. (French)
    • "After Cubism", trans. John Goodman, in L'Esprit Nouveau: Purism in Paris, 1918-1925, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 2001, pp 129-168. (English)
    • Depois do cubismo, intro. Carlos A. Ferreira Martins, trans. Célia Euvaldo, São Paulo: Cosac Naify, 2005, 88 pp. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • Maurice Raynal, Quelques intentions du cubisme, Paris: L'Effort moderne, 1919, [21] pp. Lecture delivered 11 May 1919 to Mr. and Mrs. Fitch. (French)


  • Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Der Weg zum Kubismus, Munich: Delphin, 1920, 146 pp. Originally published as articles in the Zurich Weissen Blätter in 1916. (German)
    • The Rise of Cubism, trans. Henry Aronson, New York: Wittenborn, Schultz, 1949. (English)
    • El camino hacia el cubismo, trans. Rosa Sala y Jaume Vallcorba, intro. Jaume Vallcorba, Barcelona: Quaderns Crema, 1997, 102 pp. (Spanish)
  • Vincenc Kramář, Kubismus, Brno: Moravsko-slezská revue, 1921, 87 pp. (Czech)
    • Le Cubisme, eds. Hélène Klein and Erika Abrams, with Jana Claverie, trans. Erika Abrams, intro. Yve-Alain Bois and Vojtěch Lahoda, Paris: Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts, 2002, xxxiii+123 pp. (French)
    • "Der Kubismus", in Frühling in Prag oder Wege des Kubismus, Munich, 2005, 207ff. (German)
  • Ramón Gómez de la Serna, "Picassismo", in Gómez de la Serna, El cubismo y todos los ismos, Madrid: Biblioteca nueva, 1921; new ed. as "Picassismo", in Gómez de la Serna, Ismos, Madrid: Biblioteca nueva, 1931; new ed., Buenos Aires: Poseidón, 1943; 1947; Madrid: Guadarrama, 1975. Excerpt (2002). (Spanish)
    • Die Wahrheit über Picasso und den Kubismus, trans. Elke Wehr, Berlin: Wagenbach, 1990, 91 pp. Trans. of 1943 ed. Review: Grosse (FAZ 1991). (German)
    • more translations
  • Jan Gordon, "Cubism", ch 14 in Gordon, Modern French Painters, London: J. Lane, [1923], pp 132-149. (English)
  • Carl Einstein, "Der Kubismus", in Die Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts, Berlin: Propylaen, 1926, pp 56-86; 2nd ed., upd. & exp., 1928; 3rd ed., upd. & exp., 1931; new ed., ed. & afterw. Tanja Frank, Leipzig: P. Reclam, 1988; new ed., ed. & comm. Uwe Fleckner and Thomas W. Gaehtgens, Berlin: Fannei & Walz, 1996. (German)
    • L'art du XXe siècle, trans. Liliane Meffre and Maryse Staiber, Paris: J.Chambon, and Arles: Actes Sud, 2011. Trans. of 3rd ed. (1931). (French)
  • Carl Einstein, "Notes sur le cubisme", Documents 1:3, Paris, 1929, pp 146-155. (French)
    • "Notes on Cubism", trans. & intro. Charles W. Haxthausen, October 107, MIT Press, Winter 2004, pp 158-168. (English)
  • Guillaume Janneau, L'Art cubiste: théories et réalisations, étude critique, Paris: Editions d'art Charles Moreau, 1929, 116+[48] pp. (French)


Historical studies and analyses[edit]

See also catalogues of retrospective exhibitions, introductions and commentaries to translations of primary texts, introductions in anthologies and readers, and bibliographies on pages of respective artists and writers.


  • Carl Einstein, Georges Braque, trans. M.E. Zipruth, Paris: Éditions des Chroniques du jour, London: Zwemmer, and New York: E. Weyhe, 1934, 140 pp. See also Platen 2010. (French)
    • "Georges Braque", in Einstein, Werke, 3, Vienna and Berlin, 1985, pp 181-456; new ed. as Über Georges Braque und den Kubismus, afterw. Uwe Fleckner, Zürich: Diaphanes, 2013, 238 pp. [30] (German)
    • Georges Braque, ed. & notes Liliane Meffre, trans. Jean-Loup Korzilius, Brussels: La part de l'oeil, 2002, 165 pp. (French)
  • Albert H. Barr, Cubism and Abstract Art, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1936; repr., New York: Arno Press, 1966. See also Steinberg 1972. (English)
  • Gertrude Stein, Picasso, Paris: Floury, 1938, 168 pp. Biography.
    • Picasso, London: BT Batsford, 1938, vii+55 pp; repr., London: Batsford, 1946; New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1946; repr., Boston: Beacon, 1959, vii+50 pp, OL; repr., New York: Dover, 1984, vii+55+[67] pp, OL. (English)
    • more translations


  • Pierre Descargues, Le Cubisme, Paris: Somogy, 1956, 64 pp. (French)
  • José Camón Aznar, Picasso y el cubismo, Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1956, 733 pp. (Spanish)
  • François Fosca, Bilan du Cubisme: "Souvenirs et documents", Paris: La bibliothèque des arts, 1956, 180 pp. (French)
  • Clement Greenberg, "The Pasted-Paper Revolution", ARTnews 57 (Sep 1958), pp 46–9, 60–61; rev. as "Collage" in Greenberg, Art and Culture, Boston, 1961, pp 70-83, HTML. (English)
  • John Golding, Cubism: A History and an Analysis, 1907–1914, London, 1959; rev.ed., 1968; 3rd ed., Harvard University Press, 1988. (English)
    • Le cubisme: (cubism), trans. Françoise Cachin, Paris: René Julliard, 1962, 191 pp. (French)
    • Storia del cubismo, (1907-1914), trans. Marco Chiarini, Torino: G. Einaudi, 1963, xv+240 pp. (Italian)
    • El cubismo: una historia y un análisis, 1907-1914, trans. Adolfo Gómez Cedillo, Madrid: Alianza, 1993, 199+108 pp. (Spanish)
  • Guy Habasque, Le cubisme: etude biographique et critique, Geneve: Skira, 1959. (French)
    • Kubismus: biographisch-kritische Studie, trans. Karl Georg Hemmerich, Genève: Albert Skira, 1959, 170 pp. (German)
    • Cubism: Biographical and Critical Study, trans. Stuart Gilbert, New York: Skira, 1959, 169 pp. (English)
    • Il cubismo: studio biografico-critico, trans. Margherita Abbruzzese, Genève: Skira, and Milan: Fabbri, 1968, 169 pp. (Italian)


  • Robert Rosenblum, Cubism and Twentieth-Century Art, New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1960; new ed., 1966; rev.ed., 1977. (English)
  • P. R. Banham, Theory and Design in the First Machine Age, London, 1960, pp 202–13. (English)
  • Pierre Cabanne, L'épopée des cubistes, Paris: Gallimard, 1963, 432 pp; new ed., exp., Paris: Les Ed. de l'Amateur, 2000, 439 pp. (French)
  • Hellmuth Sting, Der Kubismus und seine Einwirkung auf die Wegbereiter der modernen Architektur, Aachen: Technische Hochschule Aachen, 1965, 170 pp. Dissertation. (German)
  • José Pierre, Le cubisme, Lausanne: Rencontre, 1966, 207 pp. (French)
    • Il cubismo, trans. Gualtiero Salvetti, Lausanne: Rencontre, and Genève: Edito-Service, 1965, 207 pp. (Italian)
    • Der Kubismus, trans. Ursula Vogel-Roeder, Lausanne: Rencontre, 1967, 207 pp. (German)
    • Cubism, trans. Paul Eve, London: Heron, 1969, 207 pp. (English)
  • John Berger, "The Moment of Cubism", New Left Review I/42, Mar-Apr 1967; repr. in Berger, The Moment of Cubism, and Other Essays, Pantheon, 1969. [31] (English)


  • Douglas Cooper, The Cubist Epoch, London: Phaidon, with Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970. (English)
  • Nicholas Wadley, Cubism, London: Hamlyn, 1970. (English)
  • Linda Dalrymple Henderson, "A New Facet of Cubism: “The Fourth Dimension” and “Non-Euclidean Geometry” Re-interpreted", A. Q. 34:4, Detroit, 1971. (English)
  • Le cubisme: Actes du premier Colloque d'histoire de l'art contemporain tenu au Musée d'art et d'industrie, Saint-Étienne, les 19, 20, 21 novembre 1971, Université de Saint-Etienne, 1973, 237 pp. Conference proceedings. [32]
  • Leo Steinberg, "The Philosophical Brothel", Art News 71 (Sep 1972), pp 20-29; Part 2, Art News 72 (Oct 1972), pp 38-47; 2nd ed. in October 44 (Spring 1988). See also Rubin 1983. (English)
  • Robert Rosenblum, "Picasso and the Typography of Cubism", in Picasso in Retrospect, eds. John Golding and Roland Penrose, New York, 1973, pp 49–76, n266-8. Excerpt (pp 49-71). First given as a paper at the 1965 Annual Meeting of the College Art Association. (English)
  • Le Cubisme, Université de Saint-Etienne, Centre Interdisciplinaire d’Etudes et de Recherche sur l’Expression Contemporaine, Travaux iv, Paris, 1973. (French)
  • Winthrop Judkins, Fluctuant Representations in Synthetic Cubism: Picasso, Braque, Gris, 1910-1920, New York: Garland, 1976, viii+526 pp. (English)
  • William Rubin, "Cézannisme and the Beginnings of Cubism", in Cézanne: The Late Work, ed. Rubin, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1977, pp 151-202. (English)
  • Leo Steinberg, "Resisting Cézanne: Picasso's Three Women", Art in America 66:6 (Nov-Dec 1978), pp 114–33. (English)
  • Virginia Spate, Orphism: The Evolution of Non-figurative Painting in Paris, 1910–1914, Oxford: Clarendon, 1979, xxvi+409 pp. Review: Camfield (Art J 1981). (English)
  • Ivan Margolius, Cubism in Architecture and the Applied Arts: Bohemia and France 1910–1914, North Pomfret, VT: David & Charles, 1979, 128 pp. (English)
  • Leo Steinberg, "The Polemical Part", Art in America 67:2 (1979), pp 114–27 (English)


  • L. W. Gamwell, Cubist Criticism, 1907–1925, Ann Arbor, 1980. (English)
  • J. M. Nash, "The Nature of Cubism: A Study of Conflicting Explanations", A. Hist. 3:4 (1980), pp 435–47. (English)
  • Rosalind Krauss, "In the Name of Picasso", October 16: "Art World Follies" (Spring 1981), pp 5-22. Lecture presented on 12 Oct 1980 at a symposium on the cubist legacy in 20th-century sculpture. On collage. (English)
  • Pierre Daix, Journal du cubisme, Genève: Skira, 1982, 170 pp.
    • Cubists and Cubism, Geneva: Skira, and New York: Rizzoli, 1982, 170 pp. (English)
  • William Rubin, "From 'Narrative' to 'Iconic' in Picasso: The Buried Allegory in Bread and Fruitdish on a Table and the Role of Les Demoiselles d’Avignon’", The Art Bulletin 65:4 (Dec 1983), pp 615-649. Builds on Steinberg 1972. (English)
  • Serge Fauchereau, La Révolution cubiste, Paris: Denoël, 1982, 223 pp. (French)
  • Mark Roskill, The Interpretation of Cubism, Philadelphia: The Art Alliance Press, and London/Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1985, 301 pp. (English)
  • Christopher Green, Cubism and its Enemies: Modern Movements and Reaction in French Art, 1916–1928, Yale University Press, 1987, 325 pp. Reviews: Wood (Oxford Art J 1988), Deshmukh (American Hist R 1989). (English)
  • Yve-Alain Bois, "Kahnweiler's Lesson", trans. Katharine Streip, Representations 18 (Spring 1987), pp 33-68; repr. in Bois, Painting as Model, MIT Press, 1990. (English)
  • Pierre Assouline, L'Homme de l'art: D.-H. Kahnweiler, 1884–1979, Paris: Balland, 1988, 540+[16] pp. (French)
    • An Artful Life: A Biography of D.H. Kahnweiler, 1884-1979, New York: G. Weidenfeld, 1990. (English)
    • more translations
  • Art Journal 47(4): "Revising Cubism", ed. Patricia Leighten, Winter 1988. Texts by Daniel Robbins, Susan Noyes Platt, Edward F. Fry, Christine Poggi, Linda Dalrymple Henderson, Robert Mark Antliff, David Cottington, and Robert Jensen. [33] (English)


  • Christine Poggi, In Defiance of Painting: Cubism, Futurism and the Invention of Collage, Yale University Press, 1992. (English)
  • Yve-Alain Bois, "The Semiology of Cubism", in Picasso and Braque: A Symposium, ed. Lynn Zelevansky, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1992. (English)
  • Rosalind Krauss, "The Motivation of the Sign", in Picasso and Braque: A Symposium, ed. Lynn Zelevansky, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1992, pp 261-286. (English)
  • William Rubin, "The Genesis of Les Demoiselles d'Avignon", Studies in Modern Art 3: "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon", New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1994. (English)
  • David Cottington, Cubism and Its Histories, Manchester University Press, 1994. [34] (English)
  • Serge Fauchereau, "Die Formen des Kubismus", in Europa. Europa. Das Jahrhundert der Avantgarde in Mittel- und Osteuropa, Kunst- und Austellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, eds. Ryszard Stanislawski and Christoph Brockhaus, Bonn 1994, pp 104-108. (German)
  • David Cottington, Cubism in the Shadow of War: the Avant-Garde and Politics in Paris, 1905-1914, Yale University Press, 1998, OL. (English)
  • David Cottington, Cubism, London: Tate, 1998, 80 pp; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998; 2007. (English)
    • Cubismo, Madrid: Encuentro, 1999. (Spanish)
    • Cubismo, trans. Luiz Antônio Araújo, São Paulo: Cosac & Naify, 1999, 80 pp. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Kubisme, trans. Jeannet Dekker, Bussum: Thoth, 1999. (Dutch)
    • Kubismen, trans. Maria Ortman, Malmö: Fogtdal, 2000, 80 pp. (Swedish)
    • Kubismen, trans. Torben Christensen, Copenhagen: Søren Fogtdal, 2000, 80 pp; Copenhagen: Kunstbogklubben, 2003. (Danish)
    • Kubismus, trans. Christoph Hollender, Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, 2002. (German)


  • Neil Cox, Cubism, London: Phaidon, 2000, 447 pp. (English)
    • Kyubisumu, trans. Masayuki Tanaka, Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 2003, 447 pp. (Japanese)
  • Mark Antliff, Patricia Dee Leighten, Cubism and Culture, London: Thames & Hudson, 2001, 224 pp. (English)
    • Cubisme et culture, trans. Christian-Martin Diebold, Paris: Thames & Hudson, 2002, 224 pp. (French)
  • Licia Fabiani, La via al cubismo: la testimonianza del gallerista di Picasso, Milan: Mimesis, 2001, 122 pp. (Italian)
    • Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler: eine Werkbiographie, Hildesheim: Olms, 2010, 190 pp. (German)
  • Nicolaj van der Meulen, Transparente Zeit: zur Temporalität kubistischer Bilder, Munich: Fink, 2002, 244 pp. (German)
  • Hal Foster, et al, "1907", "1911", "1912", in Foster, et al, Art Since 1900, London: Thames & Hudson, 2004, pp 78-84, 106-111, 112-117. (English)
    • "1907", "1911", "1912", in Foster, et al, Umění po roce 1900, Prague: Slovart, 2007, pp 78-84, 106-111, 112-117. (Czech)
  • Gregory Galligan, "The Cube in the Kaleidoscope": The American Reception of French Cubism, 1918-1938, New York University, 2007. PhD dissertation. [35] (English)



  • Trevor Stark, Total Expansion of the Letter: Avant-Garde Art and Language After Mallarmé, MIT Press (October Books), 2020, 440 pp. [37] (English)

Dictionary entries[edit]

en Britannica, EEGMA, Grove, Met, MoMA, Pompidou, Tate. fr Pompidou. it Treccani. cr Šuvaković. no SNL.

Czech Cubism, Cubo-Expressionism[edit]

  • Miroslav Lamač, Moderne tschechische Malerei: Anfänge der Avantgarde 1907-1917, trans. Marie Vaníčková, Prague: Artia, 1967, 159 pp. [38] (German)
  • Friedrich Czagan, "Kubistische Architektur in Böhmen", Werk 16:2 (1969), pp 75-79. (German)
  • Ješa Denegri, "Gutfreund i češki kubizam. Muzej savremene umjetnosti, Beograd, listopad–studeni 1971", Život umjetnosti 18, Zagreb, 1972, pp 79-85. Exhibition review. (Serbo-Croatian)
  • Francois Burckhardt, Milena Lamarová, Cubismo cecoslovacco: architetture e interni, Milan: Electa, 1982, 198 pp. (Italian)
  • Miroslav Lamač, Osma a Skupina výtvarných umělců 1907-1917, Prague: Odeon, 1988, 540 pp. [39] (Czech)
  • Jiří Padrta, Miroslav Lamač, Osma a Skupina výtvarných umělců, 1907-1917: teorie, kritika, polemika, Prague: Odeon, 1992, 372 pp. (Czech)
  • Vojtěch Lahoda, "Bohumil Kubišta, Emil Filla, Antonín Procházka, Josef Čapek, Václav Špála, Otakar Kubín, Jan Zrzavý. Kubismus, Prag, und die ismen", in Europa. Europa. Das Jahrhundert der Avantgarde in Mittel- und Osteuropa, Kunst- und Austellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, eds. Ryszard Stanislawski and Christoph Brockhaus, Bonn 1994, pp 129-134. (German)
  • Vojtěch Lahoda, "Výraz, hrana a kubus: expresionismus a kuboexpresionismus", in Expresionismus a české umění, 1905-1927, ed. Alena Pomajzlová, 1994, pp 83-106.
  • Otokar Máčel, "Bohemian Architectural Cubism: Between Avant-Garde and Regionalism", Architectura, Zeitschrift fur Geschichte der Baukunst 25:2 (1995), pp 214-223. (English)
  • Vojtěch Lahoda, Český kubismus, Prague: Brána, 1996, 203 pp. List of illustrations and biographical data on artists also in English. (Czech)
  • Vojtěch Lahoda, "Malířství v Čechách 1907-1917. Osma, Skupina výtvarných umělců a jejich generační druhové", in Dějiny českého výtvarného umění IV/1, 1890-1938, ed. Lahoda, et al, Prague: Academia, 1998, pp 233-293. (Czech)
  • Marie Benešová, "Architektura kubismu", in Dějiny českého výtvarného umění IV/1, 1890-1938, ed. Vojtěch Lahoda, et al, Prague: Academia, 1998, pp 329-353. (Czech)
  • Milena Lamarová, "Kubismus v užitém umění", in Dějiny českého výtvarného umění IV/1, 1890-1938, ed. Vojtěch Lahoda, et al, Prague: Academia, 1998. (Czech)
  • Věra Ptáčková, "Scénografie - kubismus a expresionismus", in Dějiny českého výtvarného umění IV/1, 1890-1938, ed. Vojtěch Lahoda, et al, Prague: Academia, 1998, pp 371-383. (Czech)
  • Vojtěch Lahoda, "Kuboexpresionismus a rondokubismus", in Češi a Němci: Dějiny, kultura, politika, eds. Walter Koschmal, Marek Nekula, and Joachim Rogall, Prague: Paseka, 2001, pp 184-187; 2nd ed., 2002. (Czech)
    • "Kuboexpressionismus und Rondokubismus", trans. Kristina Kallert, in Deutsche und Tschechen: Geschichte, Kultur, Politik, Munich: Beck, 2001; 2nd ed., 2003, pp 253-258. [40] (German)
  • Jindřich Toman, Kniha v českém kubismu / Czech Cubism and the Book, Prague: Kant, 2004, 206 pp. (Czech)/(English)
  • Pavel Štěpánek, Picasso en Praga, Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 2005. (Spanish)
  • Dalibor Veselý, "Czech New Architecture and Cubism", Umění 53:6, Prague: Ústav dějin umění AV ČR, 2005, pp 586-604. (English)
  • Jindřich Vybíral, "Der tschechische Kubismus auf dem Markt symbolischer Güter. Ursprung und Grenzen eines Begriffs der Architekturgeschichte", Umění 60 (2012), pp 281-292. (German)
  • Michal Novotný (ed.), Kubismus v české architektuře. Sto let poté, Prague: Národní technické muzeum, 2013, 209 pp. Conference proceedings. Vybíral's essay. [41] (Czech)
  • Rembrandtova tramvaj. Kubismus, tradice a "jiné" umění, Pilsen: Západočeská galerie, and Prague: Artefactum, 2015, 183 pp. TOC. [42] (Czech)
See also

catalogues, Wadley 1970: 136-7, Cooper 1970: 150-5, 238, 247-9, Margolius 1979, Cox 2000.


See Futurism#Russia, Ukraine.

Dictionary entries

en Grove, Oxford. cr Šuvaković.


Image banks

See also[edit]