Belgrade Cinema Club

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Belgrade Cinema Club (Kino klub Beograd) was founded in 1951 and was the center of film-related avant-garde and amateur activities. The Belgrade circle was characterized by the tendency to move away from the traditional model of "academic cinema", but not in the structuralist way as did Zagreb. In 1960s and 1970s for Belgrade authors like Dušan Makavejev, Živojin Pavlović, Marko Babac and Kokan Rakonjac, the Club served as the prelude to a professional film career. Belgrade filmmakers stressed the artist's right to individual expression and were largely inspired largely by surrealist and Russian film. Very soon they revealed a predilection for presenting reality in an "unembellished" form and offering a deep psychological motivation for their characters. Dušan Makavejev realized four short films: Jatagan Mala (1963), Pečat (The Seal, 1955), Spomenicima ne treba verovati (Don't Trust Monuments, 1958) and Antonijevo rozbijeno ogledalo (Anthony's Broken Mirror, 1957). Also Ivan Martinac realized his first films during his Belgrade studies in the Club. (Ana Janevski)

See also: Serbia#Experimental film