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Classics (also Classical Studies) is the study of the languages, literature, laws, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and other material culture of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome; especially during Classical Antiquity (ca. 600 BCE – 600 CE). Traditionally, the study of Classical literature (Greek and Roman) was the principal study of the humanities.



Digital libraries (editions and translations)
Further digital editions and translations
  • The Chicago Homer contains Homer, Hesiod and the Homeric Hymns, each in one Greek edition (derived from Perseus) and English translation [1].
  • The Homer Multitext project presents the textual transmission of the Iliad and Odyssey in a historical framework. It offers free access to a library of texts and images, a machine-interface to that library and its indices, and tools to allow readers to discover and engage with the Homeric tradition.
  • Living Poets, passages from editions and translations of selected Greek and Roman poetry (8 poets as of Jan 2015). Maintained by Durham University.
  • the Papyrological Navigator (PN) supports searching, browsing, and aggregation of ancient papyrological documents and related materials aggregates material from APIS, DDbDP, HGV, BP and APD (in progress), and depends on close collaboration with Trismegistos. Maintained by The Duke Collaboratory for Classics Computing and the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (NYU).
  • Perseus Catalog, a resource with bibliographies of Greek and Latin authors, including editions and translations. Ed. Gregory Crane, maintained by the University of Leipzig and Tufts University.
  • Trismegistos, a portal of papyrological and epigraphical resources dealing with Egypt and the Nile valley between roughly 800 BC and AD 800 currently expanding its geographical scope to the Ancient World in general.
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The pages contain bibliographies.


Publications online[edit]

Encyclopedias and dictionaries



  • Basic lexical, grammatical, and encyclopedic tools of the philological trade, selected by William A. Johnson.
  • Diogenes, a tool for searching and browsing the databases of ancient texts, primarily in Latin and Greek, that are published by the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) and the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI).
  • GapVis, an interface for exploring and reading texts that reference ancient places. It includes maps and data visualizations that show what locations are referred to a different points in the historical books such as The Histories of Herodotus or The History of the Peloponnesian War of Thucydides. Research blog.
  • Pelagios, an initiative introducing Linked Open Data into online resources that refer to places in the historic past. Run by Leif Isaksen, Elton Barker, and Rainer Simon. Map.

See also[edit]